+233 302 815 066

What is a Personal Loan and How Does it Work?

Personal loans are designed to finance major purchases, from designer shoes to home renovations. Often they have a lower interest rate than, for example, credit cards, so they are considered more profitable.

In addition, personal loans can be used for debt consolidation. In case you have several other loans with higher interest rates, a personal loan will lower your overall annual percentage rates and save you from many different payments.

But it is worth remembering that personal loans must be handled carefully, as they affect your credit history and credit score.

What is a Personal Loan?

A personal loan is most often an unsecured form of installment loan. It involves a one-time payment of the entire loan amount, after which you repay the amount and interest in regular monthly payments over a specified period.

You can apply for a personal loan at banks, credit unions, private lenders, or online. The application itself usually takes no more than 10 minutes, but it can be considered for up to one working week.

When you take out a personal loan, you may receive not only interest (you can't do without it), but other fees as well. For example, some lenders charge an origination or administrative fee, which is deducted from the loan amount. In addition, the lender may charge an early payoff penalty if you decide to repay the loan early.

How does a personal loan work?

Once your application is approved, you will receive the money directly in your bank account. However, if you use a personal loan to consolidate and refinance your existing debts, you can arrange to pay your bills directly with the lender.

After the money arrives in your account or in other accounts you specify, within 30 days, be ready to make a monthly payment.

If you have chosen a loan with a fixed interest rate, then your payments will not change during the entire term of the loan. However, if your loan has a variable interest rate, the monthly payment amount may vary.

Personal Loan Application: How to Apply and What You Need?

The most important thing to do before finally deciding on a personal loan is to evaluate your budget and find the best offer. In addition, you need to make sure that all the documents you may need are in order.

  1. Evaluate Your Budget

Determine the amount you need. And after that, take a good look at your budget and evaluate whether you can make monthly payments and whether this is an affordable amount for you. Try to take into account all the expenses that you may expect. And if you are sure you will be able to cope with the monthly payments after paying the rent and buying everything you need, feel free to take a loan.

  • 1. Consider All Existing Options
    It all depends on your credit score. The higher it is, the more available offers you can get. If your credit score is not as good as you would like or you are just starting your credit journey, consider options with a co-signer.
  • 1. Look For the Best Rates
    Based on your data, you can go through as many pre-qualifications as you want to see what loan conditions are available to you. Pre-qualification does not affect your credit score, but it allows you to collect as much information as possible about available offers.
  • 1. Apply For a Loan
    After you have checked the available options and selected the best one for you, apply. Sometimes the whole process can be completed online, and some documents must be submitted in person. The required documents for obtaining a loan may vary depending on the lender.

182 DAYS
365 DAYS
Amount Rate (%) Rate (%) Rate (%) Rate (%) Rate (%)
1,001< 50,000 10.60 12.6 13.25 14.20 16.00
50,001< 100,000 10.80 12.80 13.30 14.30 16.50
100,001<300,000 10.92 12.92 13.38 14.40 16.80
300,001<500,000 11.20 13.20 13.40 14.50 17.00
500,000+ 12.00 13.30 13.50 14.60 17.20


USD/GHS 4.2500 4.5800
EUR/GHS 4.4500 5.7000
GBP/GHS 5.2000 6.2000
GBP/USD 1.2900 1.3550
EUR/USD 1.1500 1.2100